Learn More About Migraines and Its Treatment

Women usually experience a migraine due to falling estrogen before menstruation, causing severe head pain that is accompanied by sensitivity to sound, smells or light. The common manifestations of a migraine is the one-sided “pounding” a headache, nausea, vomiting, eye pain, and sensitivity to light or sound. Migraine attacks are usually triggered by hormonal changes, stress, certain foods, oversleeping, and strong stimuli such as loud noises. Some types of birth control pills can trigger migraines, and various foods such as aged cheese, smoked meats, chocolate, dairy products, alcoholic beverages as well as artificial sweeteners and monosodium glutamate. Keep a headache diary if you’re unsure what triggers your headache so you are able to easily identify the cause in case you’ll experience a migraine attack.

The treatment for a migraine is usually over-the-counter (OTC) such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium, or prescription drugs like triptans. In order to reduce the frequency of a migraine attack, regular exercise and eating healthy food greatly help. Avoid eating foods that are known to trigger your migraines. For some people, meditation and relaxation strategies help them in preventing migraine attacks and reducing the severity of headaches such as yoga, meditation, guided imagery, and progressive muscle relaxation. Most people are usually capable of managing their migraines with the right combination of lifestyle changes and medications. For those patients experiencing severe migraine attacks, prescription medications are usually recommended. What is migraine aura? A migraine aura is defined as a set of specific symptoms that the patient experiences prior to a headache or migraine attack such as a blind spot in one eye, flashing lights or numbness involving one side of the body. A migraine aura usually last for several minutes and it is usually resolved once the head pain starts, though there are instances when a migraine aura may also last until a migraine is resolved. There are patients who never experience migraine aura and this can be because it can mimic the signs and symptoms of a stroke.

Many women find their migraines are resolved during pregnancy because of high levels of estrogen during pregnancy. It is important to discontinue any medication that was used prior to pregnancy to prevent birth defects. You might be suffering from Temporomandibular Joint Disorder or TMJ if you experience headaches or a migraine along with jaw locking frequently, if you keep grinding your teeth or your jaw always feel swollen, so you need to contact a TMJ specialist who will recommend effective exercises and routine changes to help in your condition. The most effective method to treat your migraine includes identification of the triggering factors, lifestyle changes and taking medications as prescribed by your doctor.